Joao qualified at the University of Tras-os-Montes and Alto Douro (2007), was classified as an Expert in Veterinary Dentistry and Maxillofacial Surgery by the Complutense University of Madrid (2011), and obtained a Ph.D. focusing on research in the field of donkey dentistry (2013). He was appointed as Professor of Medicine and Surgery of Equids in Portugal in 2013 and joined The Donkey Sanctuary in 2016.
Joao has extensive donkey medical and welfare experience in Europe and with working donkeys globally, is a regular lecturer, tutor, and practical assessor in equid dentistry worldwide, and has published numerous articles and contributions to books. He is the chair of the Portuguese Association of Animal Traction (APTRAN) and the FECTU - European Draught Horse Federation.
Since July 2020, FECTU has been promoting a monthly webinar, covering different
topics focused on health and welfare of working animals, but also on different uses
in all kinds of activities. These webinars will continue in 2021 and are included in
the continuous training programme, as a way to share knowledge and bring
together professionals from different areas, having in common the passion for
animal traction and working animals.
As a result, FECTU has launched the new YouTube
channel, where all the webinars will be available. We hope you will enjoy the
content of this channel!
Costa Rica, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Honduras and Guatemala very in size, in human population numbers
and in human population densities. Similarly they vary in the numbers of domestic animals. Cattle are
by far the most important species that produce meat and milk. Equines, especially horses are important
as transport animals. The contribution of livestock and their major edible products to the national
economies of all countries remains considerable in the range of 11 to 15 per cent. No data are available
on the value added to the economy by animals through providing energy for crop production and
transport of goods and people and it appears that this contribution is not included in any official
accounting system. Research on improving the output and contribution of work oxen to agriculture and
the economy as a whole has been limited and spasmodic. Most purported research on equines has been
related to welfare considerations including improved health and better systems of foot care and
harnessing. A small number of network operations support the use of oxen mainly for energy (draught
power) supply. Many international charitable foundations provide finance and expertise for improving
the welfare of horses (as well as donkeys and mules) but these are generally small scale and of limited
temporal duration. Oxen are use mainly to provide on-farm draught power but also are important in rural
transport operations. Horses supply services in both suburban and urban areas as riding animals, in
carriage work and to a more limited extent in providing other power applications.
Key words: work oxen, horses, animal welfare, animal nutrition, equine diseases.